Myrothecium inundatum CBS 120646 v1.0
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Myrothecium inundatum by Derek Johnson
Myrothecium inundatum by Derek Johnson

Myrothecium inundatum Tode (Hypocreales, Stachybotris-clade) is a saprotrophic filamentous fungus that has been isolated from leaf litter, decaying mushrooms, and soil. Some strains of M. inundatum have exhibited production of volatile organic compounds including octane when grown in microaerophilic conditions. This is of interest to the scientific community in the search for efficient biofuel production. Furthermore, the Stachybotris-clade has been hypothesized as one of the earlier diverging lineages of the Hypocreales, but robust support for the placement of the clade among the other early diverging Hypocreales has not been firmly established. Lineages in Hypocreales have undergone major nutritional shifts from saprotrophy to plant and animal pathogenicity, but the order and patterns of these nutritional transitions remains unclear due to these poorly resolved early diverging clades. Sequencing the genome of M. inundatum will allow a genome scale phylogeny to clarify these transitions and allow deeper examinations of CAZyme and protease diversification and evolution as a response to nutritional and host shifts.