Aspergillus indologenus CBS 114.80 v1.0
Photo credit: Ellen Kirstine Lyhne
Photo credit: Ellen Kirstine Lyhne

This species was sequenced as a part of the Aspergillus whole-genus sequencing project - a project dedicated to performing whole-genome sequencing of all members of the Aspergillus genus. The Aspergilli is a ubiquitous and species-rich genus, currently containing more than 300 filamentous fungi. The genus covers a wide range of phenotypes and has a substantial economic foot print, as it includes fermenters of foodstuffs, key cell factories for production of enzymes and organic acids, plant pathogens, model organisms for cell biology, human opportunistic pathogens, producers of animal and human mycotoxins, and degraders of a wide range of organic biomass relevant for bioenergy conversion.

Aspergillus indologenus (MB 560389)

A. indologenus Frisvad, Varga & Samson was described in Varga et al., Stud Mycol 69: 1-17, 2011 (on page 9). This species is placed in the A. aculeatus clade (Varga et al., Stud Mycol 69: 1-17, 2011). It has been found in soil in India. It was originally described to produce many sclerotia (under the name A. japonicus var. aculeatus, Al-Musallam, Revision of the black Aspergillus species, Utrecht, 1980, p. 30). It has not since been reported to produce sclerotia, but does produce indol alkaloids only found in this species, indicating it can indeed produce sclerotia. Furthermore this fungus has been reported to produce okaramins (Frisvad et al., PLOS ONE, 9: e94857, 2014). The species will therefore be an interesting candidate to elucidate the mechanisms necessary to induce sclerotium production and a potential sexual state. This species is a potential candidate for bioindustrial applications.

Genome Reference(s)