Piromyces finnis v3.0
Piromyces sp. finn
Piromyces sp. finn. Photo credit: John Henske at UCSB
Piromyces sp. finn host
Finn, source of Piromyces sp. finn. Photo credit: Verrill Farm, Concord, MA

Piromyces sp.finn is one of the few maintained specimens of the phylum Neocallimastigomycota, the earliest diverging branch of free-living fungi. Members of this class are obligate anaerobes, possessing hydrogenosomes, flagellated zoospores and an asexual lifecycle resembling that of their equally primitive cousins, the chytrids. Neocallimastigomycetes, or gut fungi, are efficient degraders of unpretreated lignocellulose and thrive in a number of anaerobic environments including the rumen, hindgut, and feces of ruminant and non-ruminant herbivorous, as well as compost heaps. Within these microbiomes, they play a key role as the primary microbes to colonize plant materials and initiate biomass degradation, ultimately accelerating biomass degradation (Haitjema et al., 2014). This ability is aided, in part, by its ability to form syntrophic relationships with methanogens and other microbes.

The genome of Piromyces sp.finn is of importance to many current and pressing societal needs, and of general interest to science. In particular, the genome will:

Piromyces sp. finn was isolated from the feces of an award-winning show-jumping horse named Finn, in Concord, MA.

References

Haitjema CH, Solomon KV, Henske JK, Theodorou MK, O'Malley MA. 2014. Anaerobic gut fungi: Advances in isolation, culture, and cellulolytic enzyme discovery for biofuel production. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 111:1471-1482.

Genome Reference(s)