Metschnikowia bicuspidata NRRL YB-4993 v1.0
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Metschnnikowia bicuspidata by Andre Lachance

Metschnikowia bicuspidata is a yeast known to occur in hypersaline environments. It is a known parasite of the brine shrimp (1). It has been reported to infect prawns and Chinook salmon fed live adult brine shrimp (2, 3, 5, 6).









Genome Reference(s)


1. Butinar, L., S. Santos, I. Spencer-Martins, A. Oren, and N. Gunde-Cimerman. 2005. Yeast diversity in hypersaline habitats. Fems Microbiology Letters 244:229-234.

2. Chen, S. C., T. H. Chen, P. C. Wang, Y. C. Chen, J. P. Huang, Y. D. Lin, H. C. Chaung, and L. L. Liaw. 2003. Metschnikowia bicuspidata and Enterococcus faecium co-infection in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 55:161-167.

3. Chen, S. C., Y. C. Chen, J. M. Kwang, I. Manopo, P. C. Wang, H. C. Chaung, L. L. Liaw, and S. H. Chiu. 2007. Metschnikowia bicuspidata dominates in Taiwanese cold-weather yeast infections of a Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 75:191-199.

4. Duffy, M. A., and L. Sivars-Becker. 2007. Rapid evolution and ecological host-parasite dynamics. Ecology Letters 10:44-53.

5. Moore, M. M., and M. S. Strom. 2003. Infection and mortality by the yeast Metschnikowia bicuspidata var. bicuspidata in chinook salmon fed live adult brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana). Aquaculture 220:43-57.

6. Su, H. Y., P. C. Wang, Y. Y. Lien, M. A. Tsai, S. S. Liu, K. C. Wu, C. H. Hsieh, and S. C. Chen. 2005. Upregulation of actin-like gene expression in giant so freshwater prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii infected with Metschnikowia bicuspidata. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 66:175-180.