This species was sequenced as a part of the Aspergillus whole-genus sequencing project - a project dedicated to performing whole-genome sequencing of all members of the Aspergillus genus. The Aspergilli is a ubiquitous and species-rich genus, currently containing more than 300 filamentous fungi. The genus covers a wide range of phenotypes and has a substantial economic foot print, as it includes fermenters of foodstuffs, key cell factories for production of enzymes and organic acids, plant pathogens, model organisms for cell biology, human opportunistic pathogens, producers of animal and human mycotoxins, and degraders of a wide range of organic biomass relevant for bioenergy conversion.
Aspergillus violaceofuscus (MB 172512)
A. violaceofuscus Gasperini was described in Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienza 8: 326-328 (on page 326). This species is placed in the A. aculeatus clade (Varga et al., Stud Mycol 69: 1-17, 2011). It has been found from an unknown source in Italy and from a marine source in Bahamas, and soil in Puerto Rico. It is closely related to A. japonicus. It produces calbistrins, pre-aurantiamin and many other as yet only partially characterized exometabolites. Some isolates in the species can produce sclerotia (Frisvad et al., PLOS ONE 9: e94857, 2014). This species is a potential candidate for bioindustrial applications.