Fomitopsis pinicola SS1 v1.0
Please note that this organism is for archival use only. Please see the current Fomitopsis pinicola FP-58527 SS1 v3.0 site for the latest data and information.
Picture of Fomitopsis pinicola
Fomitopsis pinicola. Picture by Dimitris Floudas

Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw.) P. Karst is a brown rot Basidiomycete species commonly collected on dead conifer trees or occasionally live trees in boreal forest of the Northern hemisphere. The basidiocarps of the species are perennial and persist for many years producing a new layer of hymenophore every growing season. The role of Fomitopsis pinicola in the conifer forests is very important as the species is one of the most prominent wood decayers in these ecosystems and thus play important role in the carbon cycle. The species is characterized by brown rot biochemistry where the cellulose and hemicellulose are utilized by the fungus leaving behind the lignin. This results in a brown appearance of the degraded wood tissue, which crumbles into cubical, fragile pieces. Fomitopsis pinicola is placed in the clade of Antrodia along with other species of the genus. Antrodia clade is a major clade in the Polyporales, which consists of brown rotters. Postia placenta, which has been sequenced already by the Joint Genome Institute, is also placed in the Antrodia clade. The genome sequence of Fomitopsis pinicola will increase our knowledge on the brown rot biochemistry for the genus and it will create new opportunities for comparative studies on the wood degradation biochemistry with other important brown rot species, that have been sequenced or they will be sequenced, such as Postia placenta, Gloeophyllum trabeum and Serpula lacrymans.

Publication:

Floudas D, Binder M, Riley R, Barry K, Blanchette RA, Henrissat B, Martínez AT, Ortillar R, Spatafora JW, Yadav JS, Aerts A, Benoit I, Boyd A, Carlson A, Copeland A, Coutinho PM, de Vries RP, Ferreira P, Findley K, Foster B, Gaskell J, Glotzer D, Górecki P, Heitman J, Hesse C, Hori C, Igarashi K, Jurgens JA, Kallen N, Kersten P, Khajamohiddin A, Kohler A, Kues U, Kumar TKA, Kuo A, LaButti K, Larrondo LF, Lindquist E, Ling A, Lucas S, Lundell T, Martin R, McLaughlin DJ, Morgenstern I, Morin E, Murat C, Nolan M, Ohm RA, Patyshakuliyeva A, Rokas A, Ruiz-Dueñas FJ, Sabat G, Salamov A, Samejima M, Schmutz J, Slot JC, John FS, Stenlid J, Sun H, Sun S, Tsang A, Wiebenga A, Young D, Pisabarro A, Eastwood DC, Martin F, Cullen D, Grigoriev IV, Hibbett DS (2012) The Paleozoic origin of enzymatic lignin decomposition reconstructed from 31 fungal genomes. Science. 336(6089):1715-1719.